Fredericksburg was founded in 1846 and named after Prince Frederick of Prussia. Old-time German residents often referred to Fredericksburg as Fritztown, a nickname that is still used in some businesses.
The town is also notable as the home of Texas German, a dialect spoken by the first generations of German settlers who initially refused to learn English. Fredericksburg shares many cultural characteristics with New Braunfels, which had been established by Prince Carl of Solms-Braunfels the previous year.
Fredericksburg is the birthplace of Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz. It is the sister city of Montabaur, Germany.
One of the jewels of Fredericksburg is the the National Museum of the Pacific War. Formerly known as the Nimitz Museum, this amazing museum is the only institution in the continental United States dedicated exclusively to telling the story of the Pacific Theater battles of World War II.